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Українські реферати та твори » Иностранный язык » Daniel Defoe and His Novel Robinson Crusoe

Реферат Daniel Defoe and His Novel Robinson Crusoe



The English and Literature department

Khusainova Ilvina's qualification work on speciality5220100, English philology on the theme:

Daniel Defoe and his Novel "Robinson

Crusoe "

Supervisor: Ten E. V.



I. Introduction:

1.1 Some words about DanielDefoe's literary activity

1.2 Daniel Defoe and hisnovel "Robinson Crusoe"

II. The main part.

2.1 Daniel Defoe and hispersonality.

2.2 The source of the "RobinsonCrusoe's Adventures "

2.3 Robinson Crusoe's wayto Russia to Uzbekistan

2.4 Robinson Crusoe andhis character

2.5 Some words abouttranslation of the novel

III. Conclusion

3.1 The English literaturein teaching English

IV. Bibliography

V. Appendix


This graduation qualification work is dedicated to the studyof Daniel Defoe's world famous novel "Robinson Crusoe". The theme is veryinteresting and is worth of paying special attention. Uzbek readers enjoyreading the novel immensely. The book is rightly included to the list ofmasterpieces even created by Daniel Defoe. The author's work is estimated andread both by grown ups and children. Daniel Defoe founder of the earlybourgeois realistic novel and he was the first and fore most a journalist, andin many ways the father of modern English periodicals.

Here we read one more fact: "The review" which he founded in1704 and conducted until 1713, is regarded as the first English newspaper. Itpaved the way for the magazines "The Tattler" and "The spectator" Daniel Defoewas born in London in a family of non-conformists = сектанти = дисиденти = (those who refuse to accept the doctrines of an establishedor national Church, especially those protestants who form the Church of England.

The tasks we put before us in our graduation qualificationwork are:

1.To considerDaniel Defoe as the founder of realistic novel.

2.Toshow how contradictory was his worldview. He was not stable in his politicalattitudes towards the parties and the government of his time.

3.Theimpetus and the reason, also the origin the source of Robinson's plot.

4.Wethink that Daniel Defoe and his work came to Uzbekistan and Russia and Robinsonbecame famous thanks to creative activity of the Russian translators.

All above mentioned matters are discussed in the Introductionand Chapter One. The next Chapter-Chapter Two is devoted to the description ofthe main hero's character. The whole paper is mainly about the merits of thewriter and Robinson's history.

5.Wealso paid great attention to the Russian and Uzbek translations of

"Robinson Crusoe's Adventures"

6.Wethink that it is necessary to stress the educative significance of the events.

In the conclusion we wanted to shame the real place of thenovel for our future generation.

Daniel Defoe and his novel "Robinson Crusoe"

Daniel Defoe's "Robinson Crusoe" (1719) is the first truenovel. It demands special and deep study. To study the novel we should commencewith our thoughts about English enlightenment. As one of the prominent literaryfigure of the XVIII century England Daniel Defoe is the founder of the Europeanrealistic novel of the new time. This book is rightly included to the circle ofthe beloved works of the children, so its educational significance should beunderlined especially. We have to use the history of English enlighteners inconnection with Defoe's literary activity. we may mention that the EnglishEnlightenment is closely connected with the German Enlightenment use may matchmainly the ideas of Enlightenment in Goethe's work. Daniel Defoe was the son ofhis time, and of his class, it means that he expressed the ideas of theexisting classes. He may be described as a bearer of the world view of thetheir progressive people's ideas.

The work of the earlier novelists of the eighteenth centuryhas a drive and coherence from their excitements realizing congenialpossibilities of the new species of writing. They were pioneers in the novelsof Defoe, H. Fielding and Sterna the tastes and sensibility of their authorsare everywhere pelted.

Defoe and Richardson are the first great writers in theEnglish literature, in this they differ from Jeffrey, Chancer, Edmund, Spencer,William Shakespeare and John Milton.

The history of Robinson's life on the island is a story aboutcreative work of a man, about his courage, his will, creative searching. Thisis a hymn to labor the source of life. Thanks to his creative work RobinsonCrusoe remained a man. This is most remarkable and educative significance of thenovel. The novel joined the elements of biographical documentary and adventurenovel. The theme of creative labor should be emphasized especially Labor helpedRobinson to stay a man in inhuman conditions of his life many years lonely inan island. There are very few selected books which can complete with this worldknown novel.

Daniel Defoe is not only the author of "Robinson Crusoe" heis the author of, as his researchers consider, about four hundred separatelypublished works, polemic and publicist articles, pamphlets and so on. Which hadbeen published by him in different editions. Creative energy of Defoe wasextraordinary and almost unique for his country and his time, his people.

Daniel Defoe had various hardships but he could fight forsurvival with astonishing steadfastness staunchness. Defoe could become one offirst English professional journalists, editors of influential politicalnewspapers and even private secret of very high ranking persons. Very importantPerson (Vips) of the government. But in a situation of complex and severesocial and political fight he could not fairly well to do and even quiteexisting for himself. Political Discords strafes pains (нізо, шіфок,) and court intrigues brought him to the prison and to aPillory. But in spite of all these. Defoe continued to write and publish books,booklets, and articles about everything which seemed to him worth of informinghis contemporaries.

During more than three years Defoe openly, anonymously andunder other pennames published pamphlets on very sharp political andinternational problems. He also wrote philosophical and law treatises,economical works, hand books, guides, manuals (йул - йурік дастурланаллар, кулланмалар) for traders, advices forthose who were going to get married, all kinds of advices how to behave oneselfin the society a poem about painting, general history of handicraft trades, andso on and so forth. Daniel Defoe used to say that he was thirty times rich andpoor.

The huge library of written and used by him works wonder usnot only with their great member, but also with quantity of names, as well aswith their belongings to different fields of life and knowledge, which hiscreative curious thoughts and ideas none of those works were published underhis own name.

Defoe published them giving the authorship to the heroes,Rescuing his books for real manuscripts or diaries, written in the name of thefirst person. These were the writings of sailors and merchants, thieves andcourt intricate plotters and all types of adventurers. This feat was the reasonfor not considering Daniel Defoe as their author, even two centuries later.

The works of fiction, newer appear abruptly. Most of them areclosely connected with the time of their creation, so this is true concerning"Robinson Crusoe" as well.

Daniel Defoe and his personality

(1660-1731) Daniel Defoe is famous was an English novelist,journalist and pamphleteer, famous for "Robinson Crusoe," "...

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